Eastern Pequot Tribal NationLantern Hill, North Stonington Connecticut: Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands Pequot. Modern Learn more here and mashantucket casino descendants mashantucket casino members of the federally recognized Mashantucket Pequot Tribefour other state-recognized groups in Connecticut, mashantucket casino the Brothertown Indians of Wisconsin.
The Pequot and Mohegan were formerly a single group, but the Mohegan split off in the 17th century as the Pequot came to control much of present-day Mashantucket casino. Simmering tensions with the New England Colonies led to the Pequot War of —, which dramatically reduced the population and influence of the Pequot; many members were killed, enslaved, or Salz casino frankfurt Pankreasegel. Small numbers of Pequot remained in Connecticut, receiving two reservationsat Mashantucket in and at the Pawcatuck River in ; others lived in other mashantucket casino and with mashantucket casino tribes.
In the 18th century, some Christian Pequot joined members of several other peoples to form the Brothertown Indians. They relocated to western New York in the 19th mashantucket casino and later to Wisconsin.
The Mashantucket tribe formed the Mashantucket Mashantucket casino Tribe inwhich received federal recognition in as part of settlement of a land claim. In they established the Foxwoods Resort Casinohistorically one of the country's most successful Indian mashantucket casino. Additionally, Pequot descendants mashantucket casino enrolled in the federally recognized Mohegan Tribeas well as the Schaghticoke Tribal Nation and Golden Hill Paugussett Indian Nation of Connecticut, and the Brothertown Indians of Wisconsin, which also have degrees of state recognition.
Pequot is an Algonquian word, the meaning of which is disputed among language specialists. Considerable scholarship big m casino boat to the Pequot claims that the name came from Mashantucket casinomeaning "the destroyers" or "the men of the swamp".
This relies on speculations of an early twentieth-century authority on Algonquian languages. However, Frank Speck had doubts; he was a leading early 20th-century specialist of Pequot-Mohegan.
He believed that another term meaning "the shallowness mashantucket casino a body of water" seemed much more plausible, given the Pequot's territory along the coast of Long Mashantucket casino Sound. Historians have debated whether the Pequot migrated about from the upper Hudson River Valley toward what is now central and eastern Connecticut. The theory of Pequot migration to the Connecticut River Valley can be traced to Rev.
William Hubbard, who claimed in that the Pequot had invaded the region some time before the establishment of Plymouth Colonyrather than originating in the region.
In the aftermath of Mashantucket casino Philip's WarHubbard detailed in his Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians in New-England the ferocity with which some of New England 's Native peoples responded to the English. Hubbard described the Pequot as "foreigners" to the region; not invaders from another shore, but mashantucket casino the interior of the continent," who "by force seized upon one of the goodliest places near the sea, and became a Terror to all their Neighbors.
Much of the archaeologicallinguisticand documentary evidence now available demonstrates that the Pequot were not invaders to the Connecticut River Valley but were indigenous in that area for thousands of years.
They occupied the coastal area between the Niantic tribe of the Niantic River of present-day Connecticut and the Wecapaug River; and the Narragansett in what is now western Rhode Island.
The Pequot numbered some 16, persons in the most densely inhabited portion of southern New England. The smallpox epidemic of killed many of the Native inhabitants of the eastern coast of present-day New Englandmashantucket casino it failed to reach the Pequot, Nianticand Narragansett tribes.
In mashantucket casino, the Dutch established a trading post called the House of Good Hope at present-day Hartford.
The Dutch seized and executed the principal Pequot sachem Tatobem because of a violation of an agreement. After the Pequot paid the Dutch a large ransom, they returned Tatobem's body. His successor was Sassacus. Inan epidemic devastated all of the region's Native population. At the outbreak of the Pequot WarPequot survivors may have numbered only about 3, Inlong-standing tensions between the Puritan English of Connecticut and Massachusetts Bay colonies and the Pequot escalated into open warfare.
There was much confusion on both mashantucket casino and, when the tribe killed an Englishman thinking he was Dutch, war was soon upon them. The Mohegan and the Narragansett sided with the English. Perhaps 1, Pequot were killed in battles or hunted down. Others were captured and distributed as slaves or household servants. A few escaped to be absorbed by the Mohawk or the Niantic on Long Island. Eventually, some returned to their traditional lands, where family groups of "friendly" Pequots had stayed.
Of those enslaved, most were awarded to the allied tribes, but many were also sold as slaves in Bermuda. Connecticut established two reservations for the Pequot in While the land bases of the two tribes have been much reduced, the two groups have held on to their land and maintained community continuity.
By the census, the Pequot population read more enumerated at a low of Pequot numbers grew appreciably—the Mashantucket Pequot especially—during the s and s.
The tribal chairman Richard A. Hayward encouraged the Pequot to return to their tribal homeland. He worked for Federal recognition and sound economic development. Inwith the assistance mashantucket casino the Native American Rights Fund NARF and the Indian Rights Association, the Pequot filed suit mashantucket casino neighboring landowners to recover land which had been illegally sold in by the State of Connecticut.
After seven years, the Pequot and landowners mashantucket casino a settlement. The former landowners agreed that the sale was illegal and joined the Pequot in seeking the Connecticut state government's support for resolution.
The Connecticut Legislature responded by unanimously passing legislation to petition the federal government to grant tribal recognition to the Mashantucket Pequot. The "Mashantucket Pequot Indian Land Claims Settlement Act" was enacted by the U. Congress and signed by President Ronald Reagan on Oct. The Mashantucket Pequot Nation land base totals 1, acres 5. The Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation has engaged in several entrepreneurial enterprises to become economically viable.
These included selling fire wood, harvesting maple syrupand growing garden vegetables. The Mashantucket Pequot mashantucket casino also raised swine, and opened a casino you greenhouse. They also purchased and operated a restaurant, and mashantucket casino a sand and gravel business. Inthey opened a bingo operation, followed in by the establishment of the first phase visit web page Foxwoods Resort Casino.
Revenues from the casino have enabled development and construction of a cultural museum. The ceremonial casino downstream pictures for mashantucket casino Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center took place on October 20, This date marked the 10th anniversary of federal recognition of the Mashantucket Pequot Nation. The new facility, opened on August 11,is located on the Mashantucket Pequot Reservationwhere many members of the nation continue to live.
It is one of the oldest, continuously occupied Indian reservations in North America. The Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation was recognized in Since the s, both Pequot tribes had serious tension over racial issues, mashantucket casino some people claiming that darker-skinned descendants should not click to see more considered fully Pequot.
Two groups of Eastern Pequot filed petitions for mashantucket casino with the BIA; they agreed to unite mashantucket casino achieve recognition. The state immediately challenged the decision and, inthe Department of the Interior revoked recognition for the EPTN. That same year, it revoked recognition for the Schaghticoke Tribal Nationwho had gained sovereignty only in Worried that the newly recognized tribes would establish gaming casinos, the Connecticut state government and Congressional delegation, as well as anti-gaming interests, opposed the BIA's recognition.
The member Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation has a reservation called "Lantern Hill. Nearly all individuals who are identified as Pequot live in the two above-named mashantucket casino. They are multi-racial but identify as Pequot. No members of the tribe have solely full-blooded Pequot ancestry. Historically, the Pequot spoke a dialect of the Mohegan-Pequot languagean Eastern Algonquian language. After the Treaty of Hartford concluded the Pequot War inthe colonists made speaking the language a capital offense.
Within a generation or so, it became largely extinct. The Pequot from both the Mashantucket casino Pequot Tribal Nation and Mashantucket Pequot speak English as their primary language. In the 21st century, the Mashantucket Pequot are undertaking aggressive efforts to revive the language through careful analysis of mashantucket casino documents containing Pequot words and comparison with extant closely related languages.
So far they have reclaimed over 1, words, though that is a small fraction of what mashantucket casino be necessary for a functional language. The Mashantucket Pequot have begun offering language classes with the help click at this page the Mashpee Wampanoag.
The latter recently initiated mashantucket casino Wôpanâak Language Reclamation Project. The southern New England Native communities who are participants in the Mashantucket casino Language Reclamation Project are Mashpee Wampanoag, Aquinnah Wampanoag, Herring Pond Wampanoag, and most recently, Mashantucket Pequot. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This mashantucket casino is about the Native American tribal nation.
For the hedge fund, see Pequot Capital Management. Pequot Museum Exhibit showing Mashantucket Pequot warrior. Snow and Kim M. Lamphear, "European Contact and Indian Depopulation in the Northeast: The Timing of the First Epidemics," Ethnohistory 35 History, Culture, and Peoplespp. The Making mashantucket casino America's Most Powerful Indian Tribe and Foxwoods the World's Largest Casino Hardcover ], New York: A Mohegan-Pequot Diary", Annual Reports of the U.
Bureau of Ethnology 43 Drake,vol. For mashantucket casino research, refer to Alfred A. Cave, "The Pequot Invasion of Southern New England: A Reassessment of the Evidence," New England Quarterly 62 Michelson, "Notes on Algonquian Language," International Journal of American Linguistics 1 Cook, "The Significance of Disease in the Extinction of the New Click Indians," Human Biology mashantucket casino Speiro and Bruce D.
Spiess, "New England Pandemic of mashantucket casino Cause and Archaeological Implication," Man in the Northeast 35 The Contemporary Accounts of Mason, Underhill, Vincent, and Gardiner Cleveland,p. KuppermanProvidence Island, The Other Puritan Colony Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press,p.
Government Printing Office, Hauptman and James Wherry, eds. The Pequots in Southern New England: The Fall and Rise of an Indian Nation Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, ; Wayne J. The Apex of a Long Struggle," Wicazo Sa Reviewvol.
Spring,pp. Retrieved from " https: Pequot Algonquian peoples Http://freekeylogger.biz/indian-casino-gaming.php American tribes in Connecticut Algonquian ethnonyms.
All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced mashantucket casino from May Articles using Template: Infobox ethnic group with deprecated parameters Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters.
Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in. Views Read Edit View history. Navigation Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store. Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact mashantucket casino. Tools What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Cite this page.
Historically, Pequot, a dialect mashantucket casino Mohegan-Pequot an Algonquian languagenow English. Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands Pequot "Sibling" mashantucket casino
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